Our Evolving Response
Iran is one of the developing countries most impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. Within 15 days of the first recorded case, confirmed COVID-19 cases had already been identified in all 31 provinces. The country’s health system is under pressure because of the economic sanctions and the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak has exacerbated the situation. Through the increase in the capacity for local production of PPEs as well as support from 30 countries and international organizations including the UN, Iran is implementing measures to control the number of casualties and fight the pandemic. However, the impact has gone beyond the public health and humanitarian domains and has become a threat to human development and progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Working at the heart of the United Nations family and in close
coordination with the World Health Organization (WHO) UNDP responded to
the COVID19 pandemic by supporting the UN Preparedness and Response Plan
(CPRP) on the procurement of Personal Protective Equipment (PPEs) and
also supporting advocacy using WHO guidelines and messaging. UNDP also
assumed the internal lead (COVID-19 Coordinator) providing support to
the entire UN team on operational issues. UNDP is working hand-in-hand
with the UN Country Team and with our sister development entities in
the Pro-Health coordination group (WHO, UNICEF, UNAIDS, UNFPA) by
supporting an integrated UN response to COVID-19.
Health system support: UNDP is supporting Iran to
strengthen their health systems in the face of COVID-19 and pre-COVID,
including procuring urgently needed health and medical supplies,
strengthening health infrastructure, managing health waste, and ensuring
salary payments to health workers. UNDP is working with the
Municipality of Tehran on COVID-19 waste management and protocols.
Socio-Economic Response and Recovery: UNDP from the
first weeks in February 2019 already started working to understand and
map the social, economic and political impacts of the crisis,
identifying ways to mitigate them with sustainable, resilient and
rights-based solutions preparing for an early-recovery. UNDP has
produced with the UN Resident Coordinator Office a country-specific
assessment of the COVID-19 economic impact, policy options to contain
it, and approaches to protect the most vulnerable.
Working with the UN: A COVID-19 Integrated Approach – We are building on new ways of working in crisis contexts, including leading UN’s work to promote greater collaboration between humanitarian, development actors. We proposed improved programme measures for combined social protection and employment generation to pave the way for longer-term sustainable recovery; going for scale through smarter targeting, being gender sensitive and adopting digital age technologies. UNDP led the development of a UN Socio-Economic Recovery Programme offer in coordination with UNICEF, a bold and ambitions plan that focuses on building back better with impact and scale, so that we can as a UN team make a difference.
UNDP's Offer 2.0
Health crisis support and systems strengthening: UNDP
is supporting the Ministry of Health (MOH) by undertaking emergency
international procurement of PPEs and medicines. UNDP is also supporting
the procurement of medicine to combat non-communicable diseases to help
ease the existing pressures on the health system.
UNDP is leveraging its longstanding partnership with the WHO, and as
the Principal Recipient for the Global Fund to fight AIDS, Tuberculosis
and Malaria (GF) and UNAIDS to assist the health response working with
the Center for Disease Control and Prevention and other organizations.
UNDP is working with the Municipality of Tehran on a new COVID-19 waste management standards and protocols.
UNDP has launched an early recovery programme based bottom up
approaches for planning, priority setting and integration in the areas
agreed (deprived areas). Addressing gender gaps while ensuring
continuity of services to support women’s empowerment.
UNDP as part of the UN Recovery is supporting the government to
create fiscal space (SMART indicators), and to develop inclusive, green
economic recovery strategies.
Strengthening social capital – leveraging a social mobilization and micro-credit scheme, upscaling a successful proven concept, with low overhead costs of circa $1,000 per enterprise established, and quick one to one-half year turnaround, the initiative supports the Government intention to achieve over one million jobs in rural areas – including accompanying required changes in planning frameworks and funding allocations. The basic mechanisms of the best practice “social mobilisation and micro-credit” technique are in place nationally and to an extent institutionalized, with over 300,000 persons already affected (including establishment of a network of development facilitators) – thereby enabling ease of inception, implementation and results. The programme will enable up to 50,000 vulnerable households in receiving support and in parallel the creation of 50,000 jobs and enterprise possibilities. This low overhead cost approach will require a total of $50 million for the purpose encompassing the $9 million for up-scaled social protection – supported through additional UN programme funding and with joint Government and UN effort.
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Source: UNDP in Iran